how nerve repair works
Damaged peripheral nerves have the potential to regenerate. However, nerves need a structure to help guide the regenerating fibers to grow properly. If a nerve is damaged, it may no longer have the proper structure to guide this growth. As a result, the regenerating nerve fibers may tangle into a painful neuroma.
To repair the damaged nerve, your surgeon will first remove the neuroma. This gets rid of the painful stimulus and stops the pain signals to the brain. Then, depending on your specific nerve damage, your surgeon will repair the nerve by either reconnecting the nerve to allow the restoration of normal signals to the brain, isolating the nerve end to stop it from growing, or rerouting the nerves.
To repair nerve compression, your surgeon will need to release the traumatized tissue that’s pressing on or strangling the nerve. This is often done by cutting or removing the area of restriction. Releasing the tissue relieves the pressure placed on the nerve and allows it to regain mobility.